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Questions About Myopia

Pediatric Eye Clinic

Myopia, more popularly referred to as nearsightedness, is a common refractive error currently affecting millions of Americans. While it’s a widely recognized problem, many still do not understand it completely. Your leading vision correction center, Myopia Institute, answers some frequently asked questions about this condition.

What Causes Myopia?

Myopia develops when there is a great distance between your eyes’ front and back parts. This refractive error may also occur when your cornea is curvier or your lens is thicker than the ideal. These structural irregularities cause light rays to be focused in front of the retina instead of on top of it.

What Happens When You Have Myopia?

Myopia’s hallmark symptom is having difficulties recognizing distant figures easily while you have no problems seeing nearby objects clearly. You may also develop eyestrain and headaches when trying to complete far-range tasks. You may have a hard time driving as well because street signs look blurry to you. If you experience any of these, visit your eye specialist for an eye exam.

Why Are Some People Nearsighted and Some Are Not?

A combination of risk factors may lead to myopia development. For one, heredity plays a pivotal role in establishing your chances of having this problem. If you have nearsighted relatives, you are more likely to be nearsighted yourself. A 2013 study also shows that certain genes involved in one’s metabolism, nerve processes and eye development may influence your risk of being nearsighted. Studies show that spending too much time doing close work and lack of outdoor activities may lead to this problem as well.

How Is Myopia Managed?

Using eyeglasses or contact lenses is the most common way to manage myopia. Corrective lenses help refocus light rays on your retina, helping you see better from afar. We may also suggest using orthokeratology lenses designed to be worn while you’re sleeping. They gently reshape your corneal surface through the night.

We may evaluate if you’re a good candidate for LASIK and other refractive surgeries. If these methods are inadequate at improving your eyesight, vision therapy is a great alternative. It involves performing eye exercises, gradually training your eyes to coordinate better with your brain.

Source: myopiainstitute

Pediatric Eye Clinic.

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