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Astigmatism: Symptoms and Treatments

Pediatric Eye Clinic

Not everyone with astigmatism experiences the same symptoms, and some individuals don’t have any symptoms at all. However, some symptoms of astigmatism include:

  • Blurry, fuzzy, or distorted vision either up close or far away
  • Trouble seeing clearly at night
  • Eyestrain
  • Squinting
  • Headaches
  • Irritated eyes

If you have any of these symptoms you may have astigmatism. However, these symptoms may also be indicators of other health or vision problems, so it is important for you to see your eye care professional if you experience any of them.

How is Astigmatism Treated?

Astigmatism can be treated using either corrective lenses, corrective contact lenses, or laser eye surgery.

Corrective Lenses

The most common and least invasive way to treat your astigmatism is by using corrective eyeglasses or contact lenses as prescribed by your eye care professional.

Ortho-K Lenses

Ortho-K (also known as orthokeratology, corneal molding, or corneal reshaping) is a treatment that uses rigid contact lenses to temporarily correct the irregular curvature of your cornea and may be used to treat astigmatism in some cases. Ortho-K involves wearing the rigid contacts for a limited period of time, typically overnight while you sleep, and then removing them during the day. This temporarily reshapes your cornea, allowing for clear vision. However, you can only reap the benefits of Ortho-K when you use your rigid contact lenses on an ongoing basis: Your vision will revert to its previous state over the course of the day, so you will need to wear your Ortho-K lenses every night in order to have clear vision during the day.

Laser Eye Surgery

Depending on the severity of your astigmatism your eye care professional may recommend you undergo laser eye surgery. Laser eye surgery involves using lasers to reshape your cornea, thereby permanently correcting your astigmatism. The three most common types of laser eye surgery for astigmatism are:

  • Laser in situ keratomileuses (LASIK)
  • Photorefractive keratectomy (PRK)
  • Radial keratotomy (RK)

Like any surgery laser eye surgery carries some risks, and you should talk to your eye care professional about the risks and benefits of undergoing laser eye surgery for astigmatism before you make a decision.

Source: youreyesite

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