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Specialty Contact Lens - Pediatric Eye Clinic

Your Eyes, Your Lens, Your Doctor

No two fingerprints are alike and the same is true for your eyes, especially the cornea (the clear tissue where a contact lens sits). Each cornea has its own distinct shape and texture, just like a fingerprint. So it makes sense that a contact lens should mirror the cornea.

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Advantages And Disadvantages Of LASIK Surgery

What Are The Reasonable Expectations?

LASIK has been proven to be safe and effective for most people. With careful patient screening and selection, reasonable expectations, and in the care of an experienced surgeon, most patients will be very pleased with their results. These are some of the other advantages of LASIK:

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The Importance Of Regular Eye Exams

Checking Eye Health Is Essential

Why are routine eye exams important?
Many eye experts disagree on how often patients should have their eyes examined, but there is no disagreement that everyone should have a regular eye exam that includes both vision testing and an eye health evaluation.

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Do You Want To See Clearly?

You Can Do It Now, Thanks To Pediatric Eye Clinic

Quick! Put your hands on your head. Are your glasses there? Grab your neck are they dangling there? Now, hold your electric bill four feet from your face and try to read it....

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Children's Vision And The New Classroom

New Technologies Could Cause Vision Problems

Today's teachers make full use of computers, interactive whiteboards, digital devices, and even 3D technology to enhance the learning environment. Forty percent of teachers use computers for instruction, and at least one computer is in 97% of all American classrooms.

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The Orthokeratology Procedure

Correct Your Vision Without Pain

Orthokeratology is a non-surgical treatment that uses precise, specially shaped contact lenses to temporarily reshape the cornea in order to eliminate nearsightedness or myopia so that you can see better at distance without wearing eyeglasses or regular contact lenses throughout the day.

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Why Ortho-K?

Ortho-K vs. Soft Contact Lenses

We can all agree that there are some indisputable benefits of orthokeratology—such as convenience and safety. Keep in mind that you should mention both the pros and cons of ortho-k with your patients.

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Eye Exams For Children

Scheduling Your Child's Eye Exam

Here At Pediatric Eye Clinic, we are medical professionals ready to examine your child's eyes. We have specific equipment and training to detect and diagnose potential vision problems.

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Eating Blueberries Can Help Improve Night Vision

Protect Against Glaucoma

The health benefits of blueberries are seemingly endless, and among these are improved eyesight, particularly at night. Multiple studies out of Europe and Israel confirm that eating blueberries regularly may help improve night vision, while another study out of Japan says blueberries can help reduce eyestrain and improve weak eyesight.

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Ortho-K: Frequently Asked Questions

Our Experts Answer

Who is a candidate for Ortho-k?

Orthokeratology is frequently a good option for nearsighted individuals who are too young for LASIK surgery or for some other reason are not good candidates for vision correction surgery.

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Children's Eye Health Tips

5 Helpful Tips

Contrary to popular belief, eye disease is not just an affliction of the elderly, it can cause vision loss in babies, children, teenagers and adults alike. The first eight years of a child’s life are critical for eye development.

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Lower Risk Of Nearsightedness

Play Outdoors With Your Children

Data from the Sydney Myopia Study, which included reports from the parents of over 4,000 Australian school children, was analyzed in a new study led by Kathryn A. Rose M.D.

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Computer Vision Syndrome

Are Your Children At Risk?

Up until now, many health care professionals have concerned themselves with caring for adults suffering from computer vision syndrome. Computer vision syndrome or CVS often results when a person spends too many hours working on a computer or straining to see while working on a computer.

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Lasik Eye Surgery vs. Ortho K

What Are the Risks?

Most patients are very pleased with the results of their refractive surgery. However, like any other medical procedure, there are risks involved. That’s why it is important for you to understand the limitations and possible complications of refractive surgery.

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Amazing Study About Ortho-K

Ideal For Kids

A study of 16 myopic children found that overnight wear with an orthokeratology lens in one eye for a duration of 3 months dramatically reduced myopia in the central 20-degree visual field, leaving the peripheral visual field with relative myopic defocus. The researchers noted that such changes in children are comparable to those reported among myopic adults wearing ortho-K lenses.

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Eye Care for Your Child

Amazing Tips

Reduce time spent in near work

  • Reduce time spent on playing games in hand-held electronic devices, or handphone games and other computer-related activities such as blogging and internet chats.
  • Encourage your child to take a break after 30-40 minutes of near work such as reading or writing. Your child should look at distant objects for 3 to 5 minutes. They could look out of the window into the distance.
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The Ortho-K Process

Work While You're Sleeping

If your eye care professional feels you are a good candidate for orthokeratology, you will wear specially designed GP lenses at night only. In the one- to two-week treatment phase, your nearsightedness is gradually reduced. Since your vision will be changing, you'll need to wear disposable soft lenses during the day.

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Eye Care in Childhood

11 Tips

1. Diet: A normal balanced diet comprising of red and green leafy vegetables like spinach, carrots, beetroot and yellow fruits including mango and papaya which are rich in carotene (A precursor of Vitamin A) should be prepared for the child.

2. TV Viewing: Television should be watched at a proper viewing distance of 3.5 meter or more in a well lighted room.

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Ideal Ortho-K Candidates

Alternative to LASIK Surgery

  • Children and adults who are active and involved in sports
  • Patients looking for an alternative to LASIK surgery
  • Patients who are too young for LASIK surgery
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Myopia Control With Ortho-K

Slow the Progression is Possible

One would-be advantage that is currently being researched is the possibility of myopia control through orthokeratology. One theory for why myopia progresses stipulates that the hyperopic defocus on the peripheral retina with standard forms of vision correction leads to further progression of myopia.

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Ortho-K vs LASIK

Why Ortho-K is Better?

In recent years, many athletes have turned to LASIK to correct their eyesight. While surgical vision correction offers the ultimate in convenience and eliminates contact lens-related problems, it has its own set of drawbacks:

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Why Use Ortho-k?

Is Better for Sports

To excel in sports, you want and usually need the best vision possible. In addition to eliminating nearsightedness, farsightedness and astigmatism, the type of vision correction you use as an athlete also should be extra safe so you don't run the risk of eye injuries during rough sports.

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Healthy Habits for Eyes

Healthy Eyes in Children

When it comes to eye health, children and teenagers have different concerns than older adults. Parents should pay close attention to their children's eye sight: some problems, like amblyopia, that can be treated when children are young, become irreversible once a child is older. Once a child's best eyesight is established, protecting that sight from injury, bad habits, or poor choices becomes the goal.

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How Is Lazy Eye Diagnosed and Treated?

All Children Should be Screened Before they are School Age

How Is Amblyopia Diagnosed?

All children should be screened before they are school-age. Your child's doctor or the vision program at school will check three aspects of your child's eye health:

  • Your child's eyes let light all the way through.
  • Both eyes see equally well.
  • The eyes move normally.
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Eye Diseases That Affect Children

The Main Eye Diseases

There are many treatable or preventable eye diseases:

  • Cataract is a condition that is important to detect and treat early in childhood when it occurs. It is unusual in childhood but can be treated successfully with surgery by a paediatric ophthalmologist as the surgery is more complex than for adult cataract.
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Eye Exams for Children

Are Extremely Important

According to the American Optometric Association (AOA), infants should have their first comprehensive eye exam at 6 months of age. Children then should receive additional eye exams at 3 years of age, and just before they enter kindergarten or the first grade at about age 5 or 6.

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Eye Problems in Babies

Congenital or Acquired

Congenital problems

Congenital problems may either be due to developmental problems, mainly secondary to genetic conditions, or to intrauterine damage from such factors as drugs or infection. There seem to be no common factors among mothers of babies with congenital eye problems. One study showed that cases with different isolated ocular congenital abnormalities had different maternal characteristics.

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Obesity and Eye Diseases

Obesity and Cataract

Obesity has been proposed to be a risk factor for cataract development, though the exact underlying mechanisms are unclear. The relationship between obesity and cataract has been investigated in many epidemiological studies, but the findings are not universally consistent. The strongest evidence are based on prospective data from several large population-based studies demonstrating positive association between obesity and cataract.

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Diabetic Eye Disease in Houston TX

Is a Complex Disease

Diabetic Eye Disease

A common complication of diabetes is diabetic eye disease. Diabetic eye disease refers to a group of sight-threatening eye problems that people with diabetes may develop.

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What is Ptosis or Drooping Eyelid?

Is a Drooping of the Upper Eyelid

Ptosis is a drooping of the upper eyelid. The lid may droop only slightly, or it may cover the pupil or eye entirely. In some cases, ptosis can restrict and even block normal vision. It is usually treated with surgery. Ptosis can:

  • Affect one or both eyelids
  • Be inherited
  • Be present at birth
  • Occur later in life.
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Eyelid Inflammation in Children

Eyelid Inflammation Causes

Blepharitis is an irritation of the eyelids. It has a variety of causes, ranging from allergy and infection to irritation as well as skin cancers. It is the most common eye disease.

Usually, blepharitis is mainly a nuisance and responds well to treatment.

Blepharitis may be caused by inflammation, bacteria, allergies, tumors, environmental conditions, or it may be related to systemic disease.

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Conjunctivitis in Children

Can be Alarming

Conjunctivitis, commonly known as pinkeye, is an inflammation of the conjunctiva, the clear membrane that covers the white part of the eye and the inner surface of the eyelids.

Pink Eye can be alarming because it may make the eyes extremely red and can spread rapidly. But it's a fairly common condition and usually causes no long-term eye or vision damage.

Still, if your child shows symptoms of pinkeye, it's important to see a doctor. Some kinds of pinkeye go away on their own, but others require treatment.

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How Affects Farsightedness in Children?

Pediatric Eye Clinic in Houston

First, a surprising fact: farsightedness is not the opposite of nearsightedness, and it does not mean that things are clear at distance but blurry up close.

A farsighted eye is too short, so that it would bring light to focus behind the retina. The eye has a mechanism for pulling that focal point up to the retina so that the eye can see clearly, and this mechanism is called accommodation. Accommodation is the focusing mechanism that we all use when we shift from looking at something far away to something close up. (For instance, when we turn 40 and have trouble seeing up close, we are not becoming farsighted, but are just running out of accommodation.)

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How is Strabismus Treated in Child?

Exist Several Treatment Options

People with strabismus have several treatment options available to improve eye alignment and coordination. They include:

  • eyeglasses or contact lenses
  • prism lenses
  • vision therapy
  • eye muscle surgery
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Vision Problems in Child

Signs of Vision Problems

According to the American Public Health Association, about 10% of preschoolers have eye or vision problems. However, children this age generally will not voice complaints about their eyes.

Parents should watch for signs that may indicate a vision problem, including:

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Treatment To Correct Refractive Errors in Children

Ortho K is the Key

Orthokeratology (ortho-k) is the fitting of specially designed gas permeable contact lenses that you wear overnight. While you are asleep, the lenses gently reshape the front surface of your eye (cornea) so you can see clearly the following day after you remove the lenses when you wake up.

Ortho-k lenses are prescribed for two purposes:

  • To correct refractive errors (primarily nearsightedness, but also astigmatism and hyperopia). In some cases, ortho-k also is used to correct presbyopia.
  • To slow the progression of childhood myopia.
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What Is Strabismus?

Common Condition Among Children

Strabismus is a visual problem in which the eyes are not aligned properly and point in different directions. One eye may look straight ahead, while the other eye turns inward, outward, upward, or downward. The eye turn may be consistent, or it may come and go. Which eye is straight (and which is misaligned) may switch or alternate.

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Potential Causes of Blurred Vision in Children

Refractive Errors in Children

Refractive errors are just one potential cause of blurred vision, so it is important for your child to have an examination right away if they are experiencing symptoms.

The most common refractive errors in children are:

  • Myopia (also called nearsightedness)
  • Hyperopia (also called farsightedness)
  • Astigmatism (distorted vision)
  • It is possible to have two or more types of refractive error at the same time.
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Vision Problems in Children

Silent Symptoms

Vision problems in kids tend to emerge between 18 months and 4 years old. The two most common vision issues are:

  • A crossed or wandering eye, which troubles 3% to 5% of children. Symptoms include an eye that drifts or appears crossed in respect to the other eye.
  • Uneven focus, where one eye is more farsighted than the other, affects 2% to 3% of kids. This vision problem is the hardest to detect, because young children don't know their vision is compromised.
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What is Amblyopia or Lazy Eye?

The Most Common Cause of Vision Problems in Children

Amblyopia occurs when the nerve pathway from one eye to the brain does not develop during childhood. This occurs because the abnormal eye sends a blurred image or the wrong image to the brain.

This confuses the brain, and the brain may learn to ignore the image from the weaker eye.

Strabismus is the most common cause of amblyopia. There is often a family history of this condition.

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What is Computer Vision Syndrome?

Viewing a Computer Screen Often Makes the Eyes Work Harder

Computer Vision Syndrome describes a group of eye and vision-related problems that result from prolonged computer use. Many individuals experience eye discomfort and vision problems when viewing a computer screen for extended periods. The level of discomfort appears to increase with the amount of computer use.

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What Is Keratoconus?

Can Cause Substantial Distortion of Vision

We see through the cornea, which is the clear, central part of the front surface of the eye. Normally, the cornea has a dome shape, like a ball. Sometimes, however, the structure of the cornea is just not strong enough to hold this round shape and the cornea bulges outward like a cone. This condition is called keratoconus.

What Causes Keratoconus? - Tiny fibers of protein in the eye called collagen help hold the cornea in place and keep it from bulging. When these fibers become weak, they cannot hold the shape and the cornea becomes progressively more cone shaped.

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Astigmatism in Child in Houston

Is Characterised by an Irregular Curvature of the Cornea

Astigmatism is a common eye condition that's easily corrected by glasses, contact lenses or surgery.

This type of disorder is also known as a refractive error. Astigmatism occurs in nearly everybody to some degree. For significant curvature, correction is required.

A person's eye is naturally spherical in shape. Under normal circumstances, when light enters the eye, it refracts evenly, creating a clear view of the object. However, the eye of a person with astigmatism is shaped more like a rugby ball or the back of a spoon. For this person, when light enters the eye it is refracted more in one direction than the other, allowing only part of the object to be in focus at one time. Objects at certain distances can then appear blurred.

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Non Invasive Treatment for Myopia in Children

Ortho K for Kids in Texas

Many kids and parents would love to do away with glasses and contacts. They can get in the way of daily activities such as sports and play. Glasses are easily and frequently broken by children and are a constant expense due to the ever changing prescription as children grow. This makes children one of the largest potential groups for orthokeratology (ortho-k, crt, corneal molding, vision reshaping treatment etc).

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What Are Pink Eye Symptoms?

Pink Eye Symptoms

No surprise: the primary symptom of pink eye is an eye that has a pink appearance. Other symptoms of pink eye depend on the type of conjunctivitis you have:

  • Viral conjunctivitis. Watery, itchy eyes; sensitivity to light. One or both eyes can be affected. Highly contagious; can be spread by coughing and sneezing.
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How to Treat Pink Eyes

Depends on the Type of Conjunctivitis You Have

  • Viral conjunctivitis. In most cases, viral conjunctivitis will run its course over a period of several days and no medical treatment is required or indicated. A home remedy of applying a cold, wet washcloth to the eyes several times a day can relieve symptoms. (Due to the highly contagious nature of this type of pink eye, be sure not to share this washcloth with others!)
  • Bacterial conjunctivitis. Your eye doctor typically will prescribe antibiotic eye drops or ointments for the treatment of bacterial conjunctivitis.
  • Allergic conjunctivitis. Allergy medications often can help prevent or shorten bouts of allergic conjunctivitis. Sometimes these medications must be started before allergy season or allergy flare-ups begin. Ask your doctor for details.
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