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The Importance of Eye Exams in Children

They Have to Have an Eye Exam Prior to Beginning School

Most states require children to have an eye exam prior to beginning public school. Even if your pediatrician doesn’t see a problem, there may be other signs that your child needs a more thorough eye exam.


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Eye Diseases That Affect Children

The Main Eye Diseases

There are many treatable or preventable eye diseases:

  • Cataract is a condition that is important to detect and treat early in childhood when it occurs. It is unusual in childhood but can be treated successfully with surgery by a paediatric ophthalmologist as the surgery is more complex than for adult cataract.


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What is Ptosis or Drooping Eyelid?

A Drooping of the Upper Eyelid

Ptosis is a drooping of the upper eyelid. The lid may droop only slightly, or it may cover the pupil or eye entirely. In some cases, ptosis can restrict and even block normal vision. It is usually treated with surgery. Ptosis can:

  • Affect one or both eyelids
  • Be inherited
  • Be present at birth
  • Occur later in life.


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Potential Causes of Blurred Vision in Children

Refractive Errors in Children

Refractive errors are just one potential cause of blurred vision, so it is important for your child to have an examination right away if they are experiencing symptoms.

The most common refractive errors in children are:

  • Myopia (also called nearsightedness)
  • Hyperopia (also called farsightedness)
  • Astigmatism (distorted vision)
  • It is possible to have two or more types of refractive error at the same time.


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Vision Problems in Children

Silent Symptoms

Vision problems in kids tend to emerge between 18 months and 4 years old. The two most common vision issues are:

  • A crossed or wandering eye, which troubles 3% to 5% of children. Symptoms include an eye that drifts or appears crossed in respect to the other eye.
  • Uneven focus, where one eye is more farsighted than the other, affects 2% to 3% of kids. This vision problem is the hardest to detect, because young children don't know their vision is compromised.


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Astigmatism in Child in Houston

Is Characterised by an Irregular Curvature of the Cornea

Astigmatism is a common eye condition that's easily corrected by glasses, contact lenses or surgery.

This type of disorder is also known as a refractive error. Astigmatism occurs in nearly everybody to some degree. For significant curvature, correction is required.

A person's eye is naturally spherical in shape. Under normal circumstances, when light enters the eye, it refracts evenly, creating a clear view of the object. However, the eye of a person with astigmatism is shaped more like a rugby ball or the back of a spoon. For this person, when light enters the eye it is refracted more in one direction than the other, allowing only part of the object to be in focus at one time. Objects at certain distances can then appear blurred.


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How to Prevent the Spread of Conjunctivitis

Eight Steps to Achieve it

Pink Eye (also called conjunctivitis) is redness and swelling of the conjunctiva, the mucous membrane that lines the eyelid and eye surface. The lining of the eye is usually clear. If irritation or infection occurs, the lining becomes red and swollen.

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What Is Strabismus?

Common Condition Among Children

Strabismus is a visual problem in which the eyes are not aligned properly and point in different directions. One eye may look straight ahead, while the other eye turns inward, outward, upward, or downward. The eye turn may be consistent, or it may come and go. Which eye is straight (and which is misaligned) may switch or alternate.


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Eyelid Inflammation in Children

Eyelid Inflammation Causes

Blepharitis is an irritation of the eyelids. It has a variety of causes, ranging from allergy and infection to irritation as well as skin cancers. It is the most common eye disease.

Usually, blepharitis is mainly a nuisance and responds well to treatment.

Blepharitis may be caused by inflammation, bacteria, allergies, tumors, environmental conditions, or it may be related to systemic disease.


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How Affects Farsightedness in Children?

Pediatric Eye Clinic in Houston

First, a surprising fact: farsightedness is not the opposite of nearsightedness, and it does not mean that things are clear at distance but blurry up close.

A farsighted eye is too short, so that it would bring light to focus behind the retina. The eye has a mechanism for pulling that focal point up to the retina so that the eye can see clearly, and this mechanism is called accommodation. Accommodation is the focusing mechanism that we all use when we shift from looking at something far away to something close up. (For instance, when we turn 40 and have trouble seeing up close, we are not becoming farsighted, but are just running out of accommodation.)


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Video Games And Vision

Does Screen Time Decrease Eye Sight?

Many people believe that too much screen time can decrease eye sight and lead to vision problems, but studies indicate that this may be a myth, especially when it comes to video games. On average, non-gamers typically have normal vision.


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Children's Visual Development

Babie's Vision Changes

The more you understand about visual development in infants, the more likely you are to catch visual problems early on. Did you know for example, that most babies can distinguish light and dark while they are still in the womb? It's true!


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What are the advantages of Ortho K?

Alternative for LASIK Surgery

Orthokeratology allows you to achieve normal vision without needing to wear contact lenses or glasses throughout the day, or requiring laser eye surgery. It is especially beneficial for those who find contact lenses or glasses a hindrance.


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What is the Ideal Age To Wear Contact Lenses?

In Children as Young as 8 to 10 Years Old

You may be surprised to learn that many doctors regularly prescribe contacts to children as young as 8 to 10 years old. While this is a big decision for you and your daughter, her age isn't the only thing you should consider.


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Eye Care Tips for Kids

Back to School Advices

1. Get your child an eye exam before school starts: Problems with your children's vision can be detected through a routine eye exam. It's important to correct these issues, such as nearsightedness or farsightedness, before they create more serious complications such as difficulty learning or the development of recurrent headaches.


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What Increase the Risk of Eye Injuries?

Some Sports and Recreational Activities

It's common for a speck of dirt to get blown into your eye, for soap to wash into your eye, or for you to accidentally bump your eye. For these types of minor eye injuries, home treatment is usually all that is needed.

Some sports and recreational activities increase the risk of eye injuries.


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Involuntary Eye Twitching In Children

The Difference Between Tics And Twitches

People can experience tics or twitches at any age. These are involuntary movements of muscles that often are very spasm like. They can occur anywhere on the body, but are commonly seen in facial muscles like the eyelid.


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The History of Ortho K

Ortho K Was Introduced in 1962

Orthokeratology has been practiced by some eye doctors for decades. OrthoK was first introduced to contact lens practitioners by the famous optometrist George Jessen in 1962.


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The Ortho K Procedure

Works While You're Asleep

Ortho k involves first measuring the refraction of your eye, which tells the doctor the degree of nearsightedness, farsightedness, or astigmatism you have.


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Childhood Tearing

Epiphora is the Correct Term

The nasolacrimal excretory apparatus develops as a solid cord of cells that canalizes relatively late in gestational life.


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Conjunctivitis Prevention

It is Very Contagious

Conjunctivitis is spread through contact with the eye drainage, which contains the virus or bacteria that caused the pinkeye. Touching an infected eye leaves drainage on your hand. If you touch your other eye or an object when you have drainage on your hand, the virus or bacteria can be spread.


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Orthokeratology (Ortho-k)

Corneal Reshaping

Orthokeratology is a process that uses specially designed GP contact lenses to temporarily reshape the contour of the cornea to reduce myopia (nearsightedness). Orthokeratology is nicknamed "ortho-k" and sometimes called corneal reshaping (CR), corneal refractive therapy or vision shaping. Some new ortho-k lens designs are also available for farsightedness and presbyopia. Research has also demonstrated that orthokeratology lens designs slow the progression of myopia. Good candidates for orthokeratology include youngsters age 8 to 12 with progressive myopia, as well as most adolescents and adults, although the best success is with people under age 40. Ortho-k is recommended for low to mild nearsightedness (-4 diopters or less). People who are not good candidates include those with dry eye syndrome, a large pupil size, or high myopia.

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All you Need to Know of Double Vision

What Double Vision (Diplopia) Is?


Double vision, or diplopia, is a symptom to take seriously. Some causes of diplopia are relatively minor, but others need urgent medical attention. Take a look at the causes, symptoms, and treatments of double vision.

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The Secrets of Amblyopia

What Is Lazy Eye?

When one eye develops good vision while the other does not, the eye with the poorer vision is called amblyopic. Usually, only one eye is affected by amblyopia, but it is possible for both eyes to be "lazy." This condition is called bilateral amblyopia. The condition is common; approximately two or three out of every 100 people has amblyopia. The best time to correct amblyopia is during infancy or early childhood.

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Ortho-K Lens

How to Put In

Orthographically lens(Ortho-k)are lens to put in at night, and you can see the following day without glasses or contacts! They are rigid, and harder to put in, but here are the steps to do it.

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Ortho-K Corneal Refractive Therapy

Lenses Are Life Changing

New technology / new Ortho-k designs. A procedure that once took weeks (even months) to achieve now may be accomplished in a very short time (one to twenty days.)
The goal is to reduce Myopia and improve vision for the life-style choice of your patient. Enhanced vision provides freedom and confidence for daily activity. Functional vision without lenses is impossible without surgery or reshaping lenses.

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Ortho K Lenses For Astigmatism

Correcting Astigmatism

Correcting astigmatism with contact lens requires a lens, that has a double prescription, to sit in a stable position. Small rotations of the lens cause blurring and occurs when the eyes move or blink. There is a multitude of stabilising methods that are employed to correct this but in combination with the tendency for the lens to dehydrate between blinks, then some wearers find their vision is annoyingly unstable.

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The Advantages of Ortho-K

Promising Alternative to LASIK

Myopia, or “nearsightedness,” has always been a disadvantage for people. Whether it is eyeglasses or contact lenses, it is such a nuisance trying to have corrected vision each day. Forgetting to bring glasses when going to school, worrying about losing a contact lens when playing soccer, it’s such a hassle! It’s unclear what the actual cause of myopia is, but it seems that genetics plays an important role. We can’t really prevent ourselves from getting glasses; you either need them or you don’t. Although some adults choose to have laser eye surgery (LASIK), the results are mixed and usually entail a whole list of side effects depending on the individual. And of course, LASIK is not suitable for children and teens.

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First Aid For Eye Injuries

Follow These Steps

Specks in the Eye

  • Don’t rub the affected eye.
  • Flush the eye with lots of water.
  • See a doctor if the speck doesn’t wash out, or if pain or redness continues.

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Control With Ortho-k

Myopia (Nearsightedness)

Studies have indicated that Orthokeratology lenses may be a viable myopia treatment option to slow the progression of nearsightedness in children.

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High Myopia-Partial Reduction Ortho-K

2-Year Randomized Study


To investigate if the combination of partial reduction (PR) orthokeratology (ortho-k) and spectacles for residual refractive errors in the daytime was effective to slow myopia progression in high myopic children.

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Caring for your Ortho-K Lenses

Steps for Cleaning

Your cleaning kit should contain (1) a cleaning solution (2) a soaking/rinsing solution (3) a clean storage case and possibly (4) eye drops for rewetting the devices while in the eye (Natural Ophthalmics Ortho-k Thick drops).

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How Fireworks Can Damage Your Eyes

Take Precautions

It is the Holiday Season and that means parties and fireworks will be taking up most of America’s time. But a new study shows that flying debris from the explosion of your firework may be more dangerous to the eye, than the power of the explosion itself.

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What It Is About?

Glaucoma is a group of eye diseases causing optic nerve damage. The optic nerve carries images from the retina, which is the specialized light sensing tissue, to the brain so we can see. In glaucoma, eye pressure plays a role in damaging the delicate nerve fibers of the optic nerve.

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A Damage For Your Eyes?

The old saying goes that watching too much TV will make your eyes go square. Nowadays, we seem to spend most of our time looking at screens: be it a computer screen at work, a mobile phone screen to make a call or a TV screen to relax. But how bad is looking at screens for our eyes? Is there really any truth behind the old saying?

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Eye Care Myths

The Truth Behind Them

As medical science has progressed, it has busted quite a few myths we have about different parts of the body. Sadly, some of them still linger. Dr Vandana Jain, a Cornea and External Diseases Specialist and the Co-founder and Director of the Advanced Eye Hospital busts some common myths about the human eye:

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Ways to Protect Your Eyes

In Summer

With more number of hours spent in the bright sun, our eyes along with the skin is also exposed to excessive UV radiations which can cause dryness, pinguecula (a disease where the conjunctiva of the eye degenerates with time), and even precancerous conditions of the ocular surface.

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Diet & Nutrition

A Way To Improve Your Eye Health

There's no substitute for the quality of life good vision offers. Adding certain nutrients to your daily diet, either through foods or supplements,can help preserve your vision. Researchers have linked eye-friendly nutrients, such as lutein and zeaxanthin, vitamin C, vitamin E and zinc, to reducing the risk of certain eye diseases.

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Get Your Ortho-K Lenses

Visit Us In Pediatric Eye Clinic

Orthokeratology is a non-surgical treatment that uses precise, specially shaped contact lenses to temporarily reshape the cornea in order to eliminate nearsightedness or myopia so that you can see better at distance without wearing eyeglasses or regular contact lenses throughout the day.

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Sunglasses Shopping Guide

What You Need In Sunglasses

Wear sunglasses whenever you are outdoors, whether you are working, driving, participating in sports, taking a walk, running errands or doing anything in the sun.

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UV Protection

Protecting Your Eyes from Solar Radiation

The sun supports life on our planet, but its life-giving rays also pose dangers. The sun's primary danger is in the form of ultraviolet (UV) radiation. Artificial sources, like welding machines, tanning beds and lasers, can also produce UV radiation.

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An Important Component In Sports

Vision is much more than just seeing clearly. Many interrelated vision skills affect how well you play your sport. Just as exercise and practice can increase your speed and strength, they can also improve your visual fitness and accuracy.

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Corneal Modifications

The Basis of Ortho-K

The cornea is the clear front surface of the eye that bends (or refracts) light rays as they enter the eye. For clear vision, the cornea must have the correct shape and power to focus incoming light rays precisely on the retina at the back of the eye.

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