What is Amblyopia or Lazy Eye?
The Most Common Cause of Vision Problems in Children
Amblyopia occurs when the nerve pathway from one eye to the brain does not develop during childhood. This occurs because the abnormal eye sends a blurred image or the wrong image to the brain.
This confuses the brain, and the brain may learn to ignore the image from the weaker eye.
Strabismus is the most common cause of amblyopia. There is often a family history of this condition..
The term "lazy eye" refers to amblyopia, which often occurs along with strabismus. However, amblyopia can occur without strabismus and people can have strabismus without amblyopia.
Other causes include:
- Childhood cataracts
- Farsightedness, nearsightedness, or astigmatism, especially if it is greater in one eye
- Eyes that turn in or out
- Eyes that do not appear to work together
- Inability to judge depth correctly
- Poor vision in one eye
Exams and Tests
- Amblyopia is usually easily diagnosed with a complete examination of the eyes. Special tests are usually not needed.
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