Treatments For A Scratched Eye
Treatment for a corneal abrasion depends on the severity of the wound and the cause.
Minor abrasions sometimes can be treated with non-preserved lubricating drops to keep your eye moist and comfortable while your eye's natural healing process takes place.
As a precaution, even superficial abrasions sometimes are also treated with antibiotic eye drops to prevent infection during healing. Superficial corneal abrasions tend to heal quickly, usually within two or three days.
But other corneal abrasions may require an antibiotic ointment that stays on the eye longer, a steroid to decrease inflammation and scarring, and something to relieve pain and light sensitivity. Large, deep corneal abrasions take longer to heal and can cause a permanent scar that might affect vision.
When treated right away, most corneal abrasions result in a full recovery. But untreated abrasions can lead to severe vision loss.
In some cases, scratched corneas are treated with what's known as a bandage contact lens. When used with prescription eye drops, these special lenses provide pain relief and sometimes can speed healing.
Typically, regular contact lenses should not be worn over a corneal abrasion because of increased risk of an infection developing under the lens. Your eye doctor will tell you when it's safe to resume wearing your contacts following a scratched cornea.
Depending on the treatment and severity of the injury, your optometrist or ophthalmologist may schedule a follow-up exam as soon as 24 hours after initial treatment.
When treated right away, most corneal abrasions result in a full recovery with no permanent vision loss. But some deeper abrasions that occur in the center of the cornea (directly in front of the pupil) can leave a scar and result in a loss of visual acuity.
If left untreated, some deep corneal abrasions can lead to a corneal ulcer that can cause severe vision loss. Abrasions caused by organic matter, in particular, can increase the risk of corneal ulceration.
Attending your follow-up appointments is very important, because corneal abrasions don't always heal properly and can lead to recurrent corneal erosions and other complications that can affect your vision and comfort.
Source: All About Vision
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